Students can learn the meaning and usage of some phrases including “at an end”, “in ruins” and “cut across”.
Students will be able to infer the meaning of the target phrases according to the context.
Students will learn to use these phrases in their oral practice.
Students will cherish their lives and their families and also learn how to protect themselves when earthquakes happen.
Key and difficult points
To grasp the meaning and usage of phrases including “at an end”, “in ruins” and “cut across” and learn how to use them while speaking.
To cherish their lives and families and learns the ways of protecting themselves when earthquakes happen.
Step 1: Warming-up
2. Sing a song called Heal the World and ask students how they feel. The song goes like this:
Heal the world Make it a better place
For you and for me and the entire human race
There are people dying
If you care enough for the living
Make a better place for you and for me
Ask students to answer the question. They may say they are in sorrow. Then tell them that this song is composed by Michael Jackson to call for life cherish and they will have a deep understanding of this song after today’s lesson. Then lead into the topic.
Step 2: Presentation
1. Ask students to read through the passage and get the main idea of the passage.
2. Then read the passage for them and ask them to find out some new phrases. Invite one to write down on the blackboard including “at an end”, “cut across” and “in ruins”.
3. Ask students to guess the meanings of those phrases according to the context. Then explain them. For example, “cut across” meaning travel across or pass over. In the passage, we can see that a huge crack pass over houses, roads and canals. While for “in ruins”, it means damage according to the word “terrible”.
4. Emphasize that “at the end” and “in ruins” are prepositional phrases while “cut across” is verb phrase and ask them to pay attention to the function of them in sentences.
Step 3: Practice
1. Show some pictures and ask students to make sentences using the phrases we’ve learned to describe them. Some students will be invited to show their sentences.
2. Show the documentary of the Wenchuan Earthquake and ask students to describe what happened in the video using the phrases we’ve learned in the passage in groups of 4 in 5 minutes. Then, ask someone to share their answers. They may make sentences like “The severe shake of the mountains caused a huge crack cutting across the city”, “The village was in ruins after the earthquake”, etc. Then give positive feedback
Step 4: Production
Invite students to be a journalist at that time when the earthquake was happening and report what was happening. They may refer to the passage and take advantage of those phrases. And they will work in groups of 4 for 7 minutes. Then ask 2 representatives to deliver the report in front of the class. They may give a real-time report of how the earthquake happened and what the rescuers are doing.
Step 5: Summary and Homework
Summary: invite a student to be an assistant teacher and summarize today’s lesson. Then ask students to cherish their lives and love their families since life is fragile.
Homework: ask students to search for ways of protecting themselves when earthquakes happen.
1. What should you do if no one answers your question in your class?
It is normal for students not to answer questions in class. The reason may be that the students are shy, I did not give guidance properly, or my class atmosphere is not lively enough, so the students are not interested. I will make adjustments from the following aspects:
First of all, if the student is shy and dare not answer questions, I will encourage him to answer verbally, and reward him when appropriate.
Secondly, if it is because I did not give guidance properly, I will the way I ask questions. For example, I can change the “is it right” type of question to “why in this case”, “how do you think”, or “do you have any other opinions”. In this way, heuristic teaching mode is utilized.
Finally, if it is because the class atmosphere is too boring and students are not interested, I will design different activities and make competition to fully mobilize students’ enthusiasm. For example, in this class, I let students learn phrases with real-time reports by journalists, which can increase students’ interest.
With the above measures, I believe students will love to answer my questions gradually.
2. What kind of approach did you use in the course of vocabulary just now?
In this vocabulary class, I adopted the practicing methods from mechanical exercises to meaningful ones, so that students can gradually master the sound, form and meaning of vocabulary.
First of all, I let students use the vocabulary they have learned to make sentences to describe pictures to perform easy exercises and master the basic meaning and usage of vocabulary.
Secondly, I asked students to watch a video of the Wenchuan Earthquake and tell the story of what happened. They can refer to the expressions and phrases in the passage for in-depth exercises. In this session, students can deepen their impressions on the vocabulary through oral English practice and further master their usage of these phrases.